Overview of Liposuction Methods
Overview of Liposuction Methods

Liposuction has been practiced since 1978. Although this procedure is still a young aesthetic-plastic treatment, much progress and development has been made since then. Liposuction can be performed in various ways, which you will learn about in the following article.

The Basic Method

Basically, all liposuction methods are based on a very specific principle. Special cannulas are used to aspirate fat cells under the skin. In order to better meet your individual needs as a patient, however, various methods are available, which have been brought into being through refinements or technical innovations. In the Basic method, a mixture of liquids is injected so that the fat can be removed more easily. The mixture ensures that the cores in the respective area contract. In addition, the mixture anaesthetizes and reduces swelling.

The Tumescent Method

The tumescent method is also based on the introduction of a special fluid into the fatty tissue. This liquid is usually a physiological saline solution, which is provided with a local anaesthetic. However, you must be aware that this process takes place with a high pressure, so that the part of the body inflates. You can compare this to a balloon. This facilitates the suctioning of the fat cells. Depending on your individual preferences, you can also be anaesthetised, although the liquid alone already has an anaesthetic effect. Whether this is necessary, you decide together with your doctor.

The Super Wet Method

Although fluid is injected into the affected tissue using the super-wet method, it is significantly less compared to other methods. While the tumescent method injects three times the amount of liquid in relation to the fat to be aspirated, with the super-wet method the ratio is only 1:1. This procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia and takes about one to two hours.

The Variants of Liposuction

In addition to the most common methods, there are several variants. This includes the ultrasound method, in which your doctor uses an ultrasound cannula. With this, it reaches the fatty tissue and can release energy there. The energy liquefies the fat, which is then sucked off in its liquid state. The Tulip system, on the other hand, is a modification of the suction process. Here a special syringe is used instead of the electric pump, with which the negative pressure is generated. In principle, the differences to the Basic method are very small. Liposuction can also be performed in the form of lipopulsing. Thereby energy impulses trigger the detachment of your body fat. Two cannulas are inserted into your tissue, which emit low energy impulses. The impulses then destroy the cell walls of your fat layers and release the liquid fat, which the doctor can then suck off without any problems. You can also opt for the fine tunneling technique, in which fine cannulas are responsible for suction. The cannulas are either guided parallel or fan-shaped under the skin and then strongly shaken. By shaking the fat cells are detached, so that with this method even fat cells which are located very close under your skin surface can be reached and fully destroyed.